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Mecca, Saudi Arabia | Redevelopment of Mecca | Norman Foster and Zaha Hadid


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Na minha opiniao trata-se duma noticia explosiva a nivel religioso e politico. Muito polemico que leva a uma questao:

- Como redesenhar um Lugar sagrado tao fragil como Meca?

Meca tem vindo a mudar. Perto da Grande Mesquita estah a ser construido um Hotel gigantesco que esmaga a cidade de Meca.

Mas qual vai ser o resultado de um projecto coordenado por um ocidental e por uma mulher? Resta saber se Zaha Hadid eh religiosa e de que ramo religioso ela eh.

E qual vai ser a reaccao da Al-Qaeda perante esta noticia?

Foster and Hadid to redesign Mecca

Published: 26 November 2008 18:40 Author: Richard Waite More by this Author Last Updated: 02 December 2008 11:44 Reader Responses

Grand Mosque, Haram

Norman Foster and Zaha Hadid have been lined up to take on one of the most high-profile projects on earth – the redevelopment of Mecca
According to sources, the scheme for Islam's holiest city could create a huge new structure around the central Haram mosque that will eventually be capable of holding three million people, making it the 'highest occupancy' building in the world.

The top-secret plans are being backed by King Abdullah ben Abdulaziz of Saudi Arabia who has asked a hand-picked collection of starchitects to 'establish a new architectural vision' for the 356,800m2 mosque complex.

The AJ believes that the project is likely to be phased, with phase one transforming the mosque from having an official capacity of 900,000 to 1.5 million. This will then go up to three million with the completion of several phases over the following five to 10 years.

It is understood the proposals have been split into two 'tracks', with Foster + Partners earmarked to look at a range of alternatives for the northern expansion of the Haram mosque. Ten other practices are also believed to have been approached to draw up feasibility studies for the extension programme, including Atkins.

Meanwhile Hadid has been given the prize task of coming up with ideas for the Haram mosque itself as well as 'revisiting the whole area of the central district'. Another six other 'world renown' architects have also been linked with the job.

British-based engineers Adams Kara Taylor and Faber Maunsell are also in the frame for the multi-billion pound project.

A source close to project told the AJ: 'This study is not meant to be a competition… the main objective of the design studies is to enrich our discourse on how we should address the future architecture of the Haram and its growth.

'These design exercises in addition to other investigations will be subject to an exhibition to his Majesty… by the end of the month.'

Every year, more than three million people make a pilgrimage to the Saudi city of Mecca, known as the Hajj.

Author: Richard Waite.

in http://www.architectsjournal.co.uk/news/dailynews/2008/11/foster_and_hadid_to_redesign_mecca.html

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JVS, Zaha Hadid e Iraquiana (embora nao ponha la os pes a umas decadas), como tal eu diria que e um projecto entre um Ocidental e uma mulher de origem Arabe. como tal nao me admira nada a escolha da Zaha Hadid... quanto ao Norman Foster, bem ele esta em todas, e nao esquecer que apesar de ter o nome dele a companhia/atelier ja nem sequer e dele.

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Dois meses a trabalhar que nem um doido para Mecca... bastante doloroso. Todo o evento em torno do projecto foi das experiências mais fenomenais em que pude participar em arquitectura. A abordagem envolveu uma formaçãoo agressiva relativamente ao que significa fazer algo desta envergadura, dos três grandes rituais (Say'y Tawaf e Massah) até ao evento de peregrinação que chega a envolver dois milhões de pessoas ao mesmo tempo no mesmo local. Ao contrário do que se possa pensar, o projecto não é minimamente polémico uma vez que o actual edificio da Mesquita é de meados do século passado e por isso o valor religioso do mesmo é praticamente inexistente. As peças arquitectóicas fundamentais são, para além do cubo central (Kabba, o objecto sagrado da religião e casa de Alá) a arcada otomana que limita a área junto ao cubo e onde se concretiza o ultimo estágio do ritual Tawaf. Quanto ao facto de a companhia não pertencer a Norman Foster, parece-me de uma falta de informação gritante.. em 8 semanas de trabalho para este ultimo estágio tudo foi feito sob supervisão do mesmo e nenhum passo foi dado sem que houvesse uma decisão e aprovação finais.

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Atkins' proposals for Mecca's transformation Video

"A video detailing Atkins’ proposal to transform the Haram Mosque, one of the world’s holiest sites in the city of Mecca, has been leaked.
Atkins has confirmed it is no longer among the practices pitching for the development to increase the capacity of the Saudi Arabia mosque to three million to accommodate the increasing number of pilgrims that visit the site.
But full details of the scheme it submitted have emerged showing segmented two storey covered viewing platforms at the site.
Early reports suggested that 13 practices were competing for the project, including Zaha Hadid, Norman Foster and Faber Maunsell.
Hadid has told BD that she has not heard anything further about the project.

Foster & Partners are still thought to be working on a scheme after the practice revealed that it had won a commission to design the stations for a new high speed rail link between Mecca and Medina, another key pilgrimage site in Saudi Arabia.
And a source told BD that Faber Maunsell was developing a video of its proposal for the city for a presentation this month.
Other designs seen by BD – from an unnamed architect - include a proposal that would level the existing cityscape around the mosque and replace it with skyscrapers that step down to the site around a large plaza. Another proposes a series of suspended umbrellas over the site.
The mosque scheme is part of a major $12 billion redevelopment of the ancient city, with five other areas around the mosque site highlighted for development.
Construction work has already begun on a cluster of skyscrapers funded by the Saudi Binladen Group. The Abraj Al-Bait complex, which will include the world’s second tallest building, is by Egyptian engineering and architecture consultancy Dar Al-Handasah who has also been linked to the mosque project. "

via www.bdonline.co.uk

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