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Entrevista do Principe Carlos ao Telegraph


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Prince Charles attacks architects for making green 'gestures'
By Stephen Adams, Arts Correspondent

The Prince of Wales has launched another attack on architects - this time accusing them of cynically adding on wind turbines and solar panels as "mere gestures" to convince others their buildings are environmentally friendly.

In reality many buildings made of "glass and steel and concrete" are environmentally "inefficient in the first place", the Prince has said.

Prince Charles: 'We must act now by using traditional methods and materials to work with Nature'Twenty four years ago the Prince set himself at loggerheads with the architectural elite by describing a modernist proposal for the Sainsbury Wing extension at the National Gallery in London as a "monstrous carbuncle".

Now he has turned his fire on parts of the profession again, blending his general distaste for modernist architecture with his passion for the environment.

In a foreword to a supplement on green living in House & Garden magazine, the Prince wrote that his 1984 encounter had "proved to be a somewhat painful experience."

Nonetheless, he went on: "It would seem, however, that the emergent climate-change agenda seems to have offered licence to another generation of architects and designers bent on further divorcing us - through random and untested building shapes and types - from our deeply-rooted connection with Nature's ordering systems which remain true to the rule of climate and season.
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"Why, I must ask, does being 'green' mean building with glass and steel and concrete and then adding wind turbines, solar panels, water heaters, glass atria - all the paraphernalia of a new "green building industry" - to offset buildings that are inefficient in the first place?

"That many of these add-ons are mere gestures, at best, is now clear, as their impacts on home energy consumption can now be measured and usually offer scant justification for the radical nature of the design."

People "need to resist the urge to seize on slick, highly marketed techno-fixes", he stressed.

Instead, the Prince urged architects and developers to return to traditional building materials, such as those used in the construction of his model Dorset village, Poundbury.

He wrote: "We must act now by using traditional methods and materials to work with Nature rather than against Her."

Outros artigos:
World is not acting quickly enough over climate change, says Prince
Prince Charles: Planners vandalise our skylines
Queen and Prince Charles back eco-towns

Link:
http://www.telegraph.co.uk/earth/main.jhtml?xml=/earth/2008/10/08/eacharles108.xml

Não é incrível tudo o que pode caber dentro de um lápis?...

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Prince Charles: Planners vandalise our skylines
By Charles Clover, Environment Editor

The Prince of Wales has launched his fiercest attack on the nation's planners for 20 years, criticising them for preparing to allow a rash of tall buildings to "vandalise" the historic cities of London, Edinburgh and Bath.

In a passionate speech, Prince Charles criticised the present construction "free-for-all," especially around the World Heritage Sites of the Tower of London, St Paul's and the Palace of Westminster, which he said would leave London and other cities with a "pockmarked skyline."

Artists' impression of the proposed development of the Walkie-Talkie building at Fenchurch Street, LondonPrince Charles contrasted the protection of the historic skyline in Paris, where tall buildings were allowed only around La Défense, and London where commercial pressures and the need to build 3 million more homes meant tall buildings were encroaching into historic areas and not areas suitable for them such as Canary Wharf.

He told a meeting of his Foundation for the Built Environment at St James's Palace: "For some unaccountable reason we seem to be determined to vandalise these few remaining sites which retain the kind of human scale and timeless character that so attract people to them and which increase in value as time goes by."

Alluding to his famous "monstrous carbuncle" remark made in May 1984 about a proposed extension to the National Gallery by (the then) Richard Rogers, the Prince said the challenge was greater today: "Not just one carbuncle, ladies and gentlemen, on the face of a much loved old friend, but a positive rash of them that will disfigure precious views and disinherit future generations of Londoners."

His speech will be interpreted as a thinly veiled attack on the policies pursued in London by Ken Livingstone, the mayor of London, who has torn up the protection which historic views formerly enjoyed, and by first John Prescott and then other ministers including Hazel Blears at the Department for Communities who have supported tall buildings.
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Prince Charles also alluded unfavourably to the massive riverside development in Bath, which threatens to overshadow the World Heritage Site, and the Walkie-Talkie building at Fenchurch Street and the 40 storey towers proposed for near Victoria Station in London.

The Prince contrasted the building boom in progress today with that of the 1960s and the Victorian era. He said the same "gigantic experiment" was going on today as in the Sixties with the same mistakes being repeated.
He said: "We have endured for too long the prevailing lack of courtesy within the public realm and the time has come to reinvent 'good manners' in the way we build."

He set out a series of principles of how density of development could be achieved without building tower blocks surrounded by abandoned public space.

However, residents in his own model development of Poundbury, in Dorset, have criticised plans for a three-storey block of flats that look like a "Dickensian workhouse" on the outskirts of Dorchester.

The local council has approved plans for the "almhouses" building and work is set to get underway in the spring. But villagers are furious with the appearance of the building, which one resident described an "eyesore" bearing down on the rest of Poundbury.

Link:
http://www.telegraph.co.uk/earth/main.jhtml?xml=/earth/2008/01/31/eacharles131.xml

Não é incrível tudo o que pode caber dentro de um lápis?...

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O principe Carlos tem razão em "atacar" os arquitectos, mas engana-se quando menciona genericamente o betão e o vidro. É que estes são 2 elementos fundamentais para uma arquitectura sustentável (ou bioclimática). O primeiro porque tem massa térmica, imprescindível para armazenar o calor, o segundo porque é através dele que a massa térmica do edifício captura o calor do Sol e é também ele que prende esse calor dentro do edificio por efeito de estufa. O que é profundamente errado é vidro do chão ao tecto, não deixando espaço para as paredes respirarem nem lugar para aberturas de ventilação. Contudo, a mensagem do principe Carlos poderá fazer algumas pessoas reflectirem no ensino e na produção da arquitectura actual e só por isso já terá valido a pena. ZM

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  • 10 months later...

Príncipe Carlos tentou bloquear projecto de Jean Nouvel

por Lusa17 Agosto 2009

O príncipe Carlos de Inglaterra tentou bloquear um projecto do famoso arquitecto francês Jean Nouvel nas imediações da catedral londrina de São Paulo, noticia hoje The Guardian.

Segundo o jornal, o herdeiro do trono britânico escreveu em 2005 uma carta à promotora inmobiliária "Land Securities" a pedir que rejeitasse o projecto de Nouvel em benefício de um dos seus arquitectos favoritos, mais tradicionalista.

"Nem sequer tinha visto o projecto (de Nouvel), mas queixou-se de que o tivéssemos escolhido. Não queria nenhum modernista", explicou ao jornal Mike Hussey, ex-director da empresa encarregada do projecto.

Jean Nouvel, autor de obras como a torre Agbar de Barcelona e a ampliação do Museu Rainha Sofia de Madrid, foi distinguido com o prestigioso prémio Pritzker, considerado o Nobel da Arquitectura, e bem assim com a Royal Gold Medal, a mais alta distinção com que pode ser agraciado um profissional no Reino Unido.

A oposição do primogénito de Isabel II ao projecto do francês radicava na sua preocupação pela possibilidade de um edifício de estética muito moderna retirar "brilho" à catedral, a obra-prima do arquitecto barroco Christopher Wren.

Segundo The Guardian, as reiteradas intervenções do príncipe Carlos em matéria de arquitectura e urbanismo preocupam os profissionais, que crêem que ele tem ido além do que constitucionalmente lhe é consentido.

Na sua última intervenção conhecida, o herdeiro do trono persuadiu um promotor imobiliário do Qatar a anular um contrato com outro famoso arquitecto e também prémio Pritzker, o britânico Richard Rogers, a quem tinha sido atribuído um projecto em Londres.

O presidente do Royal Institute of British Architects (RIBA), o colégio de arquitecto britânico, Sunand Prasad, acusou no domingo o príncipe de ultrapassar os limites e instou-o a renunciar a este tipo de procedimento.

Na avaliação de Prasad, a intervenção contra Nouvel é "perigosa", porque o projecto do arquitecto francês foi seleccionado num concurso internacional aberto em que competiu com os de colegas de profissão.

Desta vez, as diligências de Carlos não resultaram e o projecto de Nouvel vai mesmo concretizar-se.

in http://dn.sapo.pt/inicio/artes/interior.aspx?content_id=1337499&seccao=Arquitectura

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Como cidadão tem todo o direito de se expressar... e presumo que no UK também exista o período de discussão pública. E eu gostava que a "arquitectura de nome" (Novel e outros) fosse de igual modo respeitada e não houvesse uma discriminação positiva apenas por ser Novel, Herzog, Holl, Gehry, Siza e outros... o nome deles produz, por si só, "obras primas". E atenção, sou fã destes e de outros "arquitectos de nome"!

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  • 2 months later...

Ben Bradshaw attacks Prince Charles for 'scuppering' British architecture

Adam Gabbatt guardian.co.uk, Sunday 25 October 2009 19.45 GMT Article history

Part of the Richard Rogers scheme for Chelsea barracks, which was dropped by the owners after Prince Charles opposed the plan.

Prince Charles' ongoing battle against modernist architecture suffered another blow when the culture secretary, Ben Bradshaw, criticised him for continuing to oppose leading UK projects.

Bradshaw's comments in a press interview at the weekend, confirmed by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport, suggested he "would be worried" if architectural schemes were being shelved because of "any one individual".

The culture secretary had been asked about the prince's involvement in the Chelsea barracks scheme, which has sparked outrage among allies of the architect, Lord Rogers, and led to calls for the profession to boycott the prince's May speech to the Royal Institute of British Architects (RIBA).

"I think British architecture is in a fantastic state and I think it is really important that we celebrate modern architecture," Bradshaw told the Sunday Telegraph. "British architects are not only widely lauded at home but they are lauded and recognised overseas as the best in the world. We have some great modern architecture and I would be worried if great schemes were being jeopardised or scuppered because of the opposition of any one individual."

Charles reportedly wrote this year to the Qatari royal family, who own the Chelsea barracks site, criticising the modernist designs of Rogers, calling them "unsympathetic" and "unsuitable" for the area.

In what was believed to be part of a concerted effort to encourage the Qataris to reconsider plans for the 5.1-hectare (12.8-acre) west London site, one of Charles' favourite architects, Quinlan Terry, published alternative, classical, designs for the plot after his criticism. Rogers' plans were then dropped by the Qatari royal family in June.

After his intervention Charles was accused by some of the world's leading architects, including Lord Foster and Zaha Hadid, of acting against the democratic planning process. Rogers labelled Charles' interception as "totally unconstitutional".

Charles first attracted Roger's ire in 1987, when he spoke out against his proposed scheme for Paternoster Square, next to St Paul's Cathedral, London. "You have to give this much to the Luftwaffe," Charles said. "When it knocked down our buildings, it didn't replace them with anything more offensive than rubble." Rogers' plans were scrapped in favour of a classical design by William Whitfield.

The prince's considerable track record in interfering in design projects began in 1984, when he derided a proposed National Gallery wing as "a monstrous carbuncle on the face of a well-loved friend" during a speech to the RIBA.

His own foray into design, the new-build of Poundbury, near Dorchester, Dorset, seen as his vision of the perfect English village, was criticised in August, with residents complaining that houses and flats were not so well-finished.

The Qatari royal family bought the former Chelsea barracks from the Ministry of Defence for £959m in January 2008. Rogers' plans for the site, which is opposite Sir Christopher Wren's royal hospital, included apartment blocks constructed in glass and steel and providing 552 homes, half of which were to have been in the affordable housing category.

The Department of Culture, Media and Sport did not comment further on Bradshaw's views.

in http://www.guardian.co.uk/uk/2009/oct/25/ben-bradshaw-prince-charles-architecture

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