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Serpentine turns to Japanese architects for 2009 pavilion

In a Guardian exclusive, Jonathan Glancey reveals that Sanaa, the Tokyo practice responsible for New York's New Museum of Contemporary Art, will design this summer's Serpentine pavilion

The most inspiring, and beautiful, of the Serpentine Gallery summer pavilions to date was designed by the Japanese architect, Toyo Ito, with Cecil Balmond, the Sri Lankan-born structural engineer. Seven years on, the Serpentine has gone to Japan again to find its architects. This time around it's the turn of Sanaa, a Tokyo practice founded by Kazuyo Sejima (48) and Ryue Nishizawa (38) in 1995.

Like Ito, Sanaa's work is ethereal, exquisite, translucent and testing. Very quietly, very gently, Sejima and Nishizawa, have pushed the boundaries of contemporary architecture. It might be a little corny to say they have done so in a Zen-like fashion, and yet their buildings, interiors, installations, furniture and other designs have been remarkably calm and quieting, objects for contemplation as well as buildings and designs with a practical purpose.

Quite what Sanaa will do for the Serpentine and Kensington Gardens remains to be seen, but if their best known building to date, The New Museum of Contemporary Art, New York, completed four years ago, is anything to go by, it will be sculptural, peaceful and gently haunting. Haunting, that is, not in the sense of disturbing, but in a way that will very probably remain in visitors' memories long after it's be disassembled, sold and re-erected somewhere else in the world as several of the Serpentine pavilions have been over the past decade.

The New Museum of Contemporary Art is one of the most striking buildings on Manhattan's boisterous skyline. It rises like some shimmering stack of half-open, half-closed drawers among the city's spires, and yet, although an undeniably strong composition, it's as gentle as a spring breeze. To make large-scale structures so seemingly weightless, as if consisting more of air and light than steel and glass, takes both imagination and a truly refined skill.

As for smaller buildings, including a number of fine houses in Japan, Sanaa has the knack of shaping structures that really do resemble – in the very best sense – fine card or paper models. These can seem improbably delicate, and even when chastely minimal, very beautiful indeed. Both architects are self-effacing, modest and highly talented. To be asked to design their first building in Britain at a time of recession may seem something of a thankless task, yet there are many of us hoping that when the economic going gets good again, the next generation of architecture will be more like Sanaa's than Shanghai's, Dubai's or Stratford's – east London, that is. Even if it isn't, Sanaa and the Serpentine Gallery are very likely to shape a special place in Kensington Gardens that, like Ito's pavilion, we will dream about happily even when it's long vanished into the architectural ether.

We will, of course, show you the design for the 2009 Serpentine summer pavilion as soon as we are able to.

IN http://www.guardian.co.uk/artanddesign/2009/feb/24/serpentine-japanese-architect-pavilion

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Este ano o pavilhão que se encontra exposto no Hyde Park no centro de Londres - Serpentine Gallery -, é da Atelier japonês SANAA.

The Serpentine Gallery is delighted to announce that the Serpentine Gallery Pavilion 2009 will be designed by architects Kazuyo Sejima and Ryue Nishizawa, of the leading Japanese practice SANAA. Sejima and Nishizawa’s Pavilion will be the architects’ first built structure in the UK and the ninth commission in the Gallery’s annual series of Pavilions, the world’s first and most ambitious architectural programme of its kind. The Pavilion will open in July on the Serpentine Gallery’s lawn, where it will remain until October.
Sejima and Nishizawa’ s pioneering buildings have created an architecture that marries aesthetic simplicity with technical complexity, defining a new architectural language, which plays with light and perception. Sought after by high-profile clients the world over, from the Louvre Museum in Lens, France, to the New Museum of Contemporary Art in New York, USA, SANAA’s projects are open stages, which make visible the connection between the built structure, the users and the natural environment.



The structure will consist of an aluminium canopy, reflecting the surrounding park.


It will open in July and remain in place until October. This is the ninth in the gallery’s annual series of pavilions - see the previous projects on the gallery website.
Here are some more details from the Serpentine Gallery:

Plans revealed for Serpentine Gallery Pavilion 2009 designed by Kazuyo Sejima and Ryue Nishizawa of SANAA
Plans were revealed today for the Serpentine Gallery Pavilion 2009 designed by Kazuyo Sejima and Ryue Nishizawa of the leading Japanese practice SANAA. The Pavilion, which is sponsored by NetJets, opens in July on the Serpentine Gallery’s lawn where it will remain until October.
Describing their structure the architects said: “The Pavilion is floating aluminium, drifting freely between the trees like smoke. The reflective canopy undulates across the site, expanding the park and sky. Its appearance changes according to the weather, allowing it to melt into the surroundings. It works as a field of activity with no walls, allowing views to extend uninterrupted across the park and encouraging access from all sides. It is a sheltered extension of the park where people can read, relax and enjoy lovely summer days.”
Sejima and Nishizawa have created a stunning transparent Pavilion that resembles a reflective cloud or a floating pool of water, sitting atop a series of delicate columns. The metal roof structure varies in height, wrapping itself around the trees in the park, reaching up towards the sky and sweeping down almost to the ground in various places. Open and ephemeral in structure, its translucent and reflective materials make it sit seamlessly within the natural environment, reflecting both the park and sky around it.

in http://www.serpentinegallery.org/2009/02/serpentine_gallery_pavilion_20_10.html e http://www.dezeen.com/2009/04/01/serpentine-gallery-pavilion-by-sanaa/#more-27462

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A nova nuvem no céu de Londres

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Alturas diferentes permitem que o edifício surja por cima da copa das árvores ou entre os ramos. Materiais translúcidos como o vidro, acrílico ou espelho permitem jogos de luz e sombra.



E este ano o escolhido foi o atelier SANAA, a equipa que está a projectar a extensão do Museu de Serralves. Depois de Frank O'Ghery (2008), Olafur Eliasson e Kjetil Thorsen (2007), Rem Koolhaas (2006), Siza Vieira e Souto Moura (2005), MRVD (2004), Oscar Nyemeier (2003), Toyo Ito (2002), Daniel Liebskind (2001) e Zaha Adid (2000) é a vez da dupla de arquitectos coordenada por Kazuyo Sejima and Ryue Nishizawa projectar em solo inglês aquele que é considerado um dos grandes acontecimentos arquitectónicos mundiais, o Pavilhão de Verão da Galeria Serpentine.



Trata-se de uma iniciativa anual e única no mundo: arquitectos famosos e que até à data não tenham obra em solo inglês são convidados a projectar um pavilhão temporário que permanece no Verão no Hyde Park, nos Jardins de Kensington, ao lado da Galeria Serpentine. A concepção não tem limite de construção ou custo e é suportada por patrocinadores. Finda a exposição, o pavilhão é desmontado, posto à venda e reconstruído noutro local.


O conceito do Pavilhão de Verão é promover uma exposição de arquitectura com um objecto real, que desencadeie pensamentos e debates, além de albergar eventos que a Galeria Serpentine não possa comportar. O pavilhão funciona durante o dia como café e à noite acolhe debates, exibição de filmes e concertos. Tal como acontece nas obras de artes plásticas exibidas pela Serpentine, pretende-se que o pavilhão seja inovador e aponte novos caminhos à arquitectura.



Este ano, o pavilhão concebido pelos arquitectos japoneses é imaterial e etéreo: "O pavilhão, em alumínio, flutua, esgueirando-se livremente entre as árvores como fumo. O suporte reflectivo ondula pelo sítio, expandindo o parque e o céu. A sua aparência muda com o tempo, permitindo que se misture com a envolvente. Funciona como um campo de actividades mas sem paredes, permitindo vistas que se estendem ininterruptamente pelo parque, encorajando o acesso através dos seus múltiplos lados. É uma protecção estendida do parque onde as pessoas possam ler, relaxar e usufruir de agradáveis serões nocturnos" refere o atelier SANAA.



Enquanto forma, o pavilhão encontra-se perto da ideia de nuvem ou fumo, uma massa construída leve e praticamente transparente, que flutua dentro do parque. De forma a enfatizar a sua leveza, foi concebida com diferentes alturas, porque tanto está acima da copa das árvores ou a esgueirar-se entre elas, próxima dos utilizadores ou a rasar o chão. Construtivamente e estruturalmente, esta solução é possível graças à utilização de uma estrutura metálica de finíssimas colunas, muitas delas dissimuladas nas árvores, e a uma cobertura triangulada que varia em altura de acordo com a dimensão das colunas. Irão ser utilizados materiais translúcidos ou reflectivos, como vidro, acrílico ou espelho.



O resultado permite múltiplos jogos de luz e sombra, alteração da percepção dos espaços interiores e exteriores através de uma membrana que se assemelha a um véu ilusório, e equacionar a arquitectura enquanto realidade virtual, em oposição à materialidade, temas recorrentes na obra desta equipa japonesa.




http://dn.sapo.pt/inicio/artes/interior.aspx?content_id=1192082&seccao=Arquitectura

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